Published: January 20, 2012
KABUL, Afghanistan — President Nicolas Sarkozy of France suspended military operations as part of the American-led coalition in Afghanistan and said he was considering an early pullout of his nation’s forces after a man in Afghan Army uniform shot and killed four French soldiers.
A Western official said President Sarkozy’s threat could lay bare “real cracks in the coalition” at a time when the alliance is seeking a cohesive position both to assure the Afghan government of its long-term commitment and to push the Taliban insurgents to negotiate a peace deal rather than continue fighting.
It was the second fatal attack in a month involving an Afghan soldier opening fire on French troops and came at a time when United States forces are deeply concerned about increasing numbers of killings of American and other allied forces by the Afghan soldiers they fight alongside and train.
The four French service members were killed and a number were wounded on Friday when a gunman wearing an Afghan National Army uniform turned his weapon on them, according to an Afghan police official in Kapisa Province in eastern Afghanistan where the incident occurred and a Western official in Kabul, who spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak to the press. The Afghan police official, Asadullah Hamidi, said the shooting happened in Tagab District, an area that is viewed as dangerous and dominated by insurgent forces.
The gunman is in custody, a NATO official said.
The attack prompted President Sarkozy to tell French diplomats at an annual meeting in Paris on Friday that he had ordered the suspension of training and combat operations by French forces in Afghanistan.
“If security conditions are not established clearly, then the question of an early return of the French Army will be asked,” he said. He added: “It is a difficult decision that we will have to take in the coming days.”
But, he went on, the decision was one he felt he had to make “for the French people and our soldiers.” Much of President Sarkozy’s public behavior at present is perceived by analysts through the prism of presidential elections beginning in April and he can ill afford to be depicted as anything less than robust and decisive in defending French interests.
While he has not yet announced his candidacy, the French leader is facing a tough re-election battle against a challenge from the opposition Socialists who have already promised an early withdrawal of French troops from Afghanistan by the spring of 2013.
Western officials in Kabul said they were not altogether surprised by Mr. Sarkozy’s mention of an early withdrawal. President Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan is set to visit Paris next to meet Mr. Sarkozy and, in military circles here it was expected that the French leader would use the encounter to announce a larger troop withdrawal than many other contributor nations in the NATO alliance wanted.
The French contingent of some 3,600 soldiers is vastly outnumbered by the dominant American military presence, but its withdrawal would present a damaging psychological blow to the alliance and would be presented by the Taliban insurgents as a significant blow against coalition morale.
NATO is struggling to persuade major contributor nations not only to hew to their promise to remain in Afghanistan until the end of 2014, but also to commit to helping the country militarily after that date.
“It’s not very good in terms of alliance cohesion,” said a Western official in Kabul, speaking on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak to the press. “If your fourth largest troop contributing country decides to pack up and go home, well that shows there are real cracks in the coalition.”
The bulk of the French contingent is based in troubled eastern Afghanistan. Of non-American forces contributing to the alliance, only the British and the Germans have more troops on the ground.
Like other allied forces, French troops had been scheduled to withdraw from Afghanistan by the end of 2014
Mr. Sarkozy said he would send both his defense minister, Gérard Longuet, and the head of the armed forces, Adm. Edouard Guillaud, to Afghanistan and “until then all training operations and combat help from the French forces are suspended.”
“The French Army is at the side of its allies, but we cannot accept that a single one of our soldiers be killed or wounded by our allies,” Mr. Sarkozy said. “It is unacceptable. I will not accept it.”
The killing of the French soldiers raised the tally for a particularly bloody day for allied forces after a helicopter crashed late on Thursday, killing six more members of the international force. French forces suffered their worst casualties of the decade-old Afghanistan war last year when 26 soldiers died.
The French have lost 82 soldiers including Friday’s casualties, according to icasualties.org, a Web site which tracks coalition deaths. Many were killed in Kapisa Province, the same province in eastern Afghanistan as where Friday’s shooting occurred. It was not clear whether they were on a training mission at the time.
Afghan authorities here offered condolences. “We are tremendously grateful to the international community that has given such tremendous sacrifices in blood and treasure over the past 10 years,” said Janan Mosazai, the spokesman for Afghan Foreign Ministry. “Our hearts go out to the families of every French soldier who has given his or her life for the cause of security and peace in Afghanistan.”
“France has been a key member of the international community that has been there shoulder-to-shoulder with the government of Afghanistan, supporting us,” he said.
Alissa J. Rubin reported from Kabu, Afghanistan, and Alan Cowell from London.